Cartographie du bruit de la circulation au Chili

Cartographie du bruit de la circulation au Chili

With a population of around 17 million and roughly one-third of that living in the Capital Santiago, traffic noise mapping wouldn’t seem top of the urban research agenda. Not so, last year a report stated that new car sales were up a staggering 27.3% in the country as the economy continues to improve. The Capital Santiago is also one of General Motors’ manufacturing bases in South America.

Professor Arenas is a Professor and Director of the Institute of Acoustics of the Austral University of Chile in Valdivia. He has been at the Univ. Austral since 1989.

(UACh) is a research university based in Valdivia, with some institutions and careers in Puerto Montt. Founded in 1954, it is one of the eight original Chilean Traditional Universities. It is a nonprofit, self-owned corporation under private law but is significantly state-financed.

Against a backdrop of economic change, a two-year study got underway across three Chilean cities led by the Univ. Austral. Academically titled: “Development and analysis of noise maps of three urban agglomerations using modeling software”, the study concentrated on the Chilean cities of Coquimbo – La Serena, Valdivia, and Temuco – Padre las Casas. It also included recordings and analysis of soundscapes in Valdivia.

The final aim of the project was the development of several strategic traffic noise maps for the three cities. The project, directed by Dr. Enrique Suarez, compiled measurements of both traffic flow and noise levels. The noise levels were measured in order to verify and calibrate the traffic noise model employed in the study. In addition, long-term (one week) acoustic measurements were carried out to characterise a week cycle in the different types of roads.

To capture these measurements, the Optimus Green sound level meters and their outdoor kits were used; with the meters installed on light posts around the three urban areas – a huge undertaking by the team.

Each city has its own unique urban landscape, population densities and other factors such as influx of tourists to consider. Serena and Valdivia are of a relative size with 198,000 and 158,000 populations respectively, Padre las Casas is much smaller at around 58,000. The first two cities are also established tourist destinations – Serena can see its population double during the summer months and is the fastest growing city in Chile thanks to its prime coastal location.

“The data is very easy to access, handle, and use, in particular because of the software.”

As an additional activity of the project, a study of the soundscape of Valdivia was also included and this element included binaural recordings and synchronized noise measurements.

This specific type of recording creates a 3-D stereo sound sensation for the listener of being in the actual location. Usually associated with orchestral or musical recordings, this effect is created using a technique known as “dummy head recording”, where a mannequin head is fitted with a microphone in each ear. Binaural recording is intended for replay using headphones only and doesn’t translate into stereo speakers. Using the Optimus Green Sound Level Meters, five-minute samples were recorded, saved and analysed, adding another layer on to the team’s acoustic understanding of the city.

Said Professor Arenas; “We have known Cirrus a long time as a well-established brand in the market. In fact, CONAMA (The National Environmental Commission, now the Ministry of Environment) used to have an analog Cirrus sound level meter that Dr. Suarez used from 1995 until 1999. All the equipment was used in conventional conditions for performing outdoor measurements of traffic noise.”

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Dr. Suarez and his team were keen to take advantage of several unique characteristics of the Cirrus equipment including the convenience and flexibility of the software package Noise Tools™.

After the study was concluded, the Cirrus kits were then made available to students at the University. “The equipment is currently available for use in the undergraduate courses and the students prefer this equipment because they are easy to handle and for the convenience of the data handling software,” added Professor Arenas. “The data is very easy to access, handle, and use, in particular because of the software.

“This particular characteristic of the Cirrus equipment we found much better than other comparable manufacturers of noise measuring and analysis equipment. The acoustic data allowed us to verify and calibrate the noise map modelling (obtaining the sound equivalent levels, Leq) as well as the analysis of soundscapes.”

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Produits Cirrus utilisés dans cette étude de cas

Environmental Sound Level Meter
Optimus+ Vert

The Optimus+ Green Environmental Noise Meter with 1/3 Octave Band Filters is ideal for environmental noise measurement and monitoring.

Conforme à la norme CEI 61672-1 :2013
Minuteries et mesures répétitives
Bandes d’octave 1 :1 et 1 :3 en temps réel de 6,3 Hz à 20 kHz
Enregistrement de notes audio par VoiceTag
Logiciel d’analyse NoiseTools

NoiseTools is our licence-free noise measurement database, supplied as standard with our sound level meters, noise dosimeters, and noise measurement kits, to help you manage and control noise levels in your workplace or in the environment.

Sans licence, sans restriction d’installation et mises à jour gratuites à vie
Sélectionnez facilement des protecteurs auditifs parmi les recommandations en fonction de vos résultats
Accédez à une gamme de rapports intégrés ou créez des rapports détaillés à partir de vos données
Détection automatique de la qualité et de la fiabilité des données via AuditStore
Jaymee-lee Tolliday
Jaymee-lee Tolliday
Marketing Coordinator

Jaymee-Lee est responsable du marketing numérique chez Cirrus Research, spécialisée dans la gestion de tous nos profils de médias sociaux, la rédaction de blogs, de communiqués de presse et le bulletin mensuel de Cirrus Research - Noise Matters.

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